Pricey friends, colleagues, and buddies,
It offers me nice pleasure to attend this discussion board. Frequent prosperity is the important requirement of socialism, an necessary function of Chinese language-style modernization, and the frequent aspiration of the individuals. Finance is on the core of contemporary financial system and performs an necessary function in financial and social growth. Frequent prosperity have to be taken as an necessary focus of our monetary work forward. Right this moment, I wish to share with you a few of my views on the theme of this discussion board.
1. The fundamental conceptions and important traits of frequent prosperity
Adhering to the people-centered philosophy of growth, Normal Secretary Xi Jinping has made a collection of necessary directions on realizing frequent prosperity for all the individuals, and elaborated on the problem of frequent prosperity on the tenth assembly of the Central Committee for Monetary and Financial Affairs. On the latest Central Financial Work Convention, he additionally burdened that we should always appropriately perceive the strategic objectives of and the sensible approaches to frequent prosperity. These necessary statements are insightful and far-reaching. In my understanding, the important thing to frequent prosperity is high-quality growth. The 2 reinforce one another. Due to this fact, in pursuit of frequent prosperity, we have to advance high-quality growth. The first activity in attaining frequent prosperity is to consistently unleash and develop productive forces, create and accumulate social wealth, in order to make the “cake” greater and higher by high-quality growth. Given its “frequent” nature, frequent prosperity is the prosperity for all of the individuals, not only for a small inhabitants. Egalitarianism and synchronization aren’t our objectives. We’re geared toward rendering distribution extra equitable based mostly on excessive effectivity, at optimizing the mechanism for major distribution and redistribution, and at establishing an inexpensive tertiary distribution system acceptable for social governance. It’s anticipated that the “cake” can be distributed correctly beneath correct institutional preparations. When it comes to its content material, frequent prosperity refers to richness in an all-round means. It is the richness not solely materially, but in addition spiritually and culturally. It’s the all-round growth of the individuals. It ought to be achieved by the coordinated growth of financial system, politics, tradition, society, and ecology, and thru the continual enchancment of primary public companies. Frequent prosperity is finally for all of the individuals. We should always at all times observe the people-centered growth philosophy, uphold the precept that growth is for the individuals and by the individuals and that its fruits are to be shared by the individuals, in order to appreciate frequent prosperity for all. The pathway to frequent prosperity is persistent endeavor. Completely happy life comes from onerous work and customary prosperity is dependent upon diligence and knowledge. It’s an arduous, sophisticated and long-term activity, so we have to do our greatest with endurance and perseverance. Frequent prosperity has distinctive options of the instances and is of Chinese language traits. Our individuals will work onerous and assist one another for the frequent objectives of dwelling a affluent life, turning into self-confident and self-reliant, having a pleasing surroundings, securing social concord and easy accessibility to public companies. All-round growth can be achieved for the individuals and within the society. Folks will share the fruits of reform and growth and the general social progress.
2. Problems with nice considerations for inclusive finance in boosting frequent prosperity
In recent times, implementing the choices and preparations of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on creating inclusive finance, the monetary sector and the opposite sectors of the society have put in place an inclusive monetary service and safety system which is acceptable for the constructing of a well-off society in an all-round means. In selling frequent prosperity, inclusive finance must take its initiative.
To fulfill the necessities of the strategic objectives of and sensible approaches to frequent prosperity, we nonetheless face many challenges within the high-quality growth of inclusive finance, and thus must make steady enhancements. First, how can inclusive finance higher assist the consolidation of poverty alleviation achievements and successfully forestall the return to poverty? In some areas, achievements of poverty alleviation aren’t stable sufficient; industries and sustainable growth have a weak foundation; the revenue of individuals lifted out of poverty is unstable; and monetary companies aren’t efficient, focused or exact sufficient. The monetary sector must play an even bigger function in facilitating industrial growth and fostering extra forerunners in getting well-off. Second, how can inclusive finance promote frequent prosperity by higher integration with the agricultural revitalization technique? In 2020, the nationwide per capita disposable revenue of city residents was RMB43,834, whereas that of rural residents was RMB17,131, indicating a major hole between city and rural areas. The important thing to implementing the agricultural revitalization technique lies in securing “thriving companies, nice dwelling environments, social etiquette and civility, efficient governance and prosperity,” which places ahead larger necessities for the depth and breadth of economic companies. Third, how can inclusive finance assist extra individuals from low-income teams be part of the middle-income teams? In line with the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics, in 2019, the low- and lower-middle revenue teams in China, of which the households accounted for 40 % of the full and amounted to a inhabitants of 610 million individuals, earned a month-to-month per capita revenue of practically RMB1,000. Learn how to assist low-income teams (together with these in each city and rural areas) step into middle-income teams is the important thing to attaining frequent prosperity and forming an olive-shaped social construction. The monetary sector ought to deal with higher consolidating the achievements of mass entrepreneurship and innovation, constantly supporting micro and small companies (MSBs), and implementing employment-oriented insurance policies in attaining high-quality growth, in order to advertise the regular improve of individuals’s revenue. Fourth, how to make sure that most of the people can extra successfully profit from the worth and comfort of economic companies? At current, though primary monetary companies can be found in city and rural areas throughout the nation, the function of the monetary sector must be extra built-in into individuals’s life. For instance, some aged individuals are nonetheless going through a “digital divide”, discovering it troublesome to benefit from the comfort of digital finance; some individuals nonetheless lack the attention of funding and wealth administration, and the function of finance in empowering most of the people to protect and improve wealth must be enhanced; individuals’s resilience to shocks of significant ailments and different dangers is just not sturdy sufficient, and insurance coverage has not constructed a powerful security internet for the individuals but. The fifth level is the way to make inclusive finance-related insurance policies work extra carefully with fiscal, industrial, and employment insurance policies in order to successfully kind a primary system for the coordination of major distribution, redistribution, and tertiary distribution.
3. Facilitating frequent prosperity with high-quality growth of inclusive finance
As China embarks on a brand new journey to construct a terrific trendy socialist nation in all respects, frequent prosperity has been given new meanings. It’s the requirement of the instances for the monetary system to facilitate frequent prosperity with high-quality growth of inclusive finance. Listed below are some key factors to think about:
(1) Narrowing the revenue hole and pooling monetary knowledge to enhance monetary companies for MSBs. MSBs are main job creators and the principle channel to stably improve the revenue of city and rural residents. We should always give higher play to the function of “synergy of a number of insurance policies” for encouraging inclusive monetary companies to assist MSBs. We should always construct a long-term mechanism of “lending with confidence, willingness, capacity and professionalism” and assist innovation, entrepreneurship and sustainable growth of micro and small market entities reminiscent of MSBs and self-employed companies. Via this and the roles which might be supplied by them, major distribution can be enhanced and the revenue hole can be narrowed. We additionally want to provide full play to the decisive function of the market in allocating sources and broaden the financing channels for MSBs by the monetary market. We should give higher play to the function of the federal government, at all times adhere to the precept of “unswervingly consolidating and creating the general public sector, and unswervingly encouraging, supporting and guiding the growth of the personal sector,” assist the event of the personal financial system, strengthen the resilience of the availability chain, and create a sound surroundings for the orderly and efficient growth of MSBs.
(2) Narrowing the hole between city and rural areas and contributing to the agricultural revitalization technique. Rural revitalization is a serious technique for narrowing the hole between city and rural areas and constructing a terrific trendy socialist nation. We should always give full play to the function of inclusive finance in consolidating and increasing the achievements of poverty alleviation and connecting them additional with rural revitalization, constantly optimize the system of rural monetary companies, and promote extra balanced city and rural monetary companies. We should consider securing “thriving companies”, proceed to innovate monetary services, put rural belongings to make use of, and improve farmers’ property revenue, thus consolidating the financial basis for rural revitalization. We should faithfully implement Xi Jinping’s Thought on Ecological Civilization and notice the built-in growth of inclusive finance and inexperienced finance, to make inclusive finance greener, and inexperienced finance extra inclusive.
(3) Narrowing the regional hole and constantly exploring monetary options to advertise frequent prosperity by the inclusive finance reform pilot zones. We should always give play to the optimistic function of inclusive finance in successfully advancing key regional methods and coordinated regional growth methods, and push ahead the development of pilot zones for inclusive finance reforms in accordance with native situations and thru focused insurance policies, and produce about better progress in wider areas. Particularly, it’s essential to discover reform and growth paths for inclusive finance in underdeveloped areas. We should always not solely spotlight the “vanguard” function of developed areas like Zhejiang Province, but in addition issue within the precise situations and desires of underdeveloped areas to completely inspire them to actively and systemically draw upon the expertise and practices of pilot zones. On this course of, we should underline the function of domestically integrated banks, which, adhering to the precept of “serving locals, MSBs, agriculture, rural areas, and rural residents,” ought to domesticate the native market with ardour and affection to advertise a typically even distribution of economic sources throughout the native area.
(4) Enhancing individuals’s livelihood and welfare and increasing the channels for providing monetary companies to key areas and key teams. The individuals’s livelihood is a key a part of selling frequent prosperity in addition to a key goal of inclusive finance. We should always speed up enhancing monetary companies for the aged, the bodily challenged, migrant staff, and school college students; successfully assist key welfare applications reminiscent of pensions, training, medical care and employment; promote entrepreneurship to extend revenue; information an inexpensive consumption smoothing; and discover offering monetary assist for tertiary distribution by companies reminiscent of cost, settlement and charitable belief. We should additionally set up the idea of accountable finance, present monetary customers with services that match their danger tolerance, alter the edge for monetary merchandise with decrease dangers, and improve the inclusiveness of economic companies, in order to create situations for successfully rising residents’ property revenue.
(5) Selling mental prosperity and constantly enriching its content material by cultivating an excellent monetary tradition and enhancing the monetary literacy of the entire inhabitants. Monetary tradition emphasizes honesty and trustworthiness, spirit of contract, rational funding and a risk-based strategy. It not solely promotes materials wealth, but in addition constitutes an natural a part of mental prosperity. We should domesticate a optimistic and upright monetary tradition and strengthen the spirit of contract and integrity of every citizen. We should always improve the residents’ and households’ consciousness of economic well being. Based mostly on the large protection of inclusive finance at current, we should always push ahead the constructing of economic well being to optimize the monetary standing of residents and households, and stimulate their motivation and potentials for innovation and entrepreneurship, thus laying a extra stable basis among the many public for frequent prosperity. We should always strengthen the top-level design of economic training, systematically combine monetary information into the nationwide training system, and coordinate and supply built-in monetary literacy actions to assist the individuals “maintain their cash.”
Pricey colleagues and buddies, because the Chinese language poem goes, “Sometime, with my sail piercing the clouds; I’ll mount the wind, break the waves, and traverse the huge, rolling sea.” Within the new period and in our new journey, the monetary sector bears the accountability to advertise the prosperity of the individuals, the prosperity of the nation, and the fantastic thing about China by high-quality inclusive finance, and successfully promote the frequent prosperity of all individuals. Zhejiang Province is taking the lead in constructing an indication zone for frequent prosperity, for which the monetary sector will deal with inclusive finance to offer full help. It’s our hope to work with native governments to discover a profitable path to frequent prosperity and contribute to constructing a terrific trendy socialist nation.
Lastly, I want this discussion board a whole success.