Yi Gang: Speech – G30 Worldwide Banking Seminar


It provides me nice pleasure to attend the thirty sixth Worldwide Banking Seminar.

The world financial system is recovering, however with rising divergence. I completely agree with Kristalina’s evaluation. We confront some widespread challenges similar to surging power costs and provide chain bottlenecks.

In the meantime, we’ve to reply questions similar to if the inflation is transitory, when and the right way to exit from the QE coverage, and the right way to take care of coverage spillovers.

On the COVID-19 entrance, regardless of some sporadic circumstances, the pandemic is beneath good management in China. Near 80% of the Chinese language inhabitants have been vaccinated and financial actions at the moment are mainly enterprise as traditional. However COVID-19 resurgence elsewhere on this planet continues to create disruption to provide chains and provide bottlenecks might effectively result in greater inflation and derail financial restoration.

Now, let me flip to China’s financial outlook.

China’s GDP grew by 12.7% y-o-y within the first half of this 12 months. We count on it to develop round 8% for the entire 12 months. Attributable to floods and sporadic COVID-19 circumstances, the expansion is confronted with sure challenges, however the trajectory of financial restoration stays unchanged.

PPI has remained excessive in China, whereas CPI progress has been very flat. In September, PPI and CPI have been up by 10.7% and 0.7% y-o-y respectively. The speedy improve in PPI could be largely defined by rising uncooked materials costs, similar to power and metals. We count on the PPI to stay excessive for just a few months earlier than the upward stress wanes on the finish of this 12 months. CPI progress stays average primarily due to falling meals costs, particularly falling worth of pork in China.

The job market is secure. In August, the city surveyed unemployment price was 5.1%, the identical as July.

Exports and imports are fairly sturdy. The present account surplus stays inside an affordable vary. It’s round 1.5% of the GDP within the first half of 2021.

The Chinese language financial system is doing effectively usually, however we nonetheless face some challenges.

Specifically, mounting downward stress on progress, rising macro-leverage ratio, operation difficulties of small and medium-sized banks and default dangers for sure companies as a result of mismanagement and breakneck enlargement. We’ll hold a detailed eye on all these issues in order that they don’t evolve to grow to be systemic dangers.

We’ve maintained a prudent financial coverage. The PBOC minimize the reserve requirement ratio by half proportion level in July, and not too long ago added further 300 billion yuan particular central financial institution lending to assist small and micro companies.

Fiscal coverage can also be making an attempt to be more practical and sustainable. Direct fiscal expenditure to key areas, similar to supporting the unemployed individuals and social advantages, is now secured in any respect ranges.

To fend off monetary dangers, the PBOC is engaged on conserving macro-leverage ratio mainly secure, resolving the dangers of a handful of economic establishments, such because the Baoshang Financial institution, and replenishing capital, for small and medium-sized banks specifically.

Other than the above coverage responses, we’re additionally shifting forward on the next two fronts.

First, inexperienced finance. We’re working to advertise China’s inexperienced transition. We’ve revised the Inexperienced Bond Endorsed Mission Catalogue. Consistent with ideas made by the Process Drive on Local weather-related Monetary Disclosures, we’ve launched Tips for Monetary Establishments on Disclosing Setting Info. Financial coverage instruments for lowering carbon emission are within the pipeline for the PBOC. We’re additionally actively partaking in worldwide cooperation and serving to with the inexperienced transition within the creating world.

Second, Fintech. Fintech has made monetary providers extra accessible, environment friendly and inclusive. On the similar time, we must always not neglect its unwanted side effects similar to abuse of monopoly energy, and extreme assortment and exploitation of shoppers’ information. Due to this fact, whereas selling wholesome growth of the Fintech trade, we’ve additionally labored arduous to stage the taking part in subject, enhance monetary inclusion and defend privateness. Hopefully, such efforts will enhance anti-monopoly regulation and make our insurance policies extra clear.

The PBOC stands able to work extra intently with the worldwide neighborhood to collectively usher in a powerful, sustainable, balanced and inclusive restoration of the worldwide financial system.



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